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Seed Gathering

Learn About Seeds

This month we’re celebrating Seed Gathering Season with our nature-loving friends at The Tree Council. We’ll be learning all about super seeds and how important they are to our environment. We’ll look at some of the different kinds of seeds we can find out and about in our gardens and parks, as well as how those seeds travel and grow. We’ll also be taking a closer look at acorns and oak trees, and what makes them so special

Why are seeds important?

They might look small and quiet, but inside each seed is a secret plan to become something incredible

Seeds, plants, and trees aren't just ordinary parts of nature – they are superheroes working together to keep our planet healthy and vibrant. Here’s how:

  • Oxygen Factory

    Imagine trees and plants as factories that make the air we breathe cleaner and fresher. They take in the carbon dioxide we don't need and give us back life-giving oxygen. So, every time you take a breath, thank a tree!

  • Tasty Treats

    Plants give us a variety of delicious treats, like juicy apples, crunchy carrots, and sweet berries. These foods keep us strong and give us energy to play and explore

  • Cosy Homes

    Trees create homes for many animals, from birds to bugs. They provide shelter, a safe place to build nests, and even a playground for squirrels to climb and hide their acorns


  • Nature's Helpers

    When leaves fall from trees and plants, they become a special kind of food for the soil called compost. Compost helps the soil stay healthy and allows new plants to grow

  • Useful Materials

    Trees provide wood, which we can use to build houses, make furniture, and even craft toys. Plus, they give us materials for paper, where we can draw, write, and share stories

Even though trees and plants give us these useful materials, we can be kind to nature by using less water, recycling, and keeping our planet clean. When we care for nature, we help plants, trees, and animals thrive like they’re supposed to!


different types of seeds

These are some of the seeds you might be able to spot in your gardens or at the park in October:



Acorns contain the seeds of oak trees – they come in all kinds of sizes and shapes!



Sycamore trees make clusters of seeds with feathery "wings" that help them fly in the wind

Dandelion seeds


Dandelion flowers turn into fluffy seed heads known as "dandelion clocks" which you can blow on and watch the seeds float away



These contain pine tree seeds. In October, some pinecones might start to open and release their seeds



These are smooth, brown seeds that grow in a spikey green case and fall to the ground in autumn

Apple seeds


Remember that fruits are seed carriers too! Next time you eat an apple, have a look at the seeds in the very middle


Seeds come in all kinds of shapes and sizes – part of the reason for this is because they all travel in different ways to their final planting place!

Flying seeds


  • Some seeds are like little parachutes! They have wings or hairs that help them catch the wind and float away to new places


  • Other seeds can be excellent swimmers, so when it rains, or they fall in a river they can go on water adventures


  • Some seeds have special hooks that stick to the fur of animals as they pass by. Others might be eaten by animals who will poop them out somewhere new (eww!)



  • Some seeds have a surprise in store – they can explode or pop out of their pods like fireworks!


  • Some seeds are designed to tumble and roll downhill, just like when you do a roly-poly, they roll away to new places

How do seeds grow?

Once a seed finds a nice place to start growing, what happens next? With the right amount of water, something magical happens – germination!

How do seeds grow
  • Germination is when a little sleeping seed wakes up and starts growing into a plant

  • When you plant the seed in the ground and give it water, it starts to open up and send out its roots

  • Roots are like the plant's feet. They reach down into the soil to find water and food

How do seeds grow
  • A tiny shoot starts to push its way up through the soil. This shoot becomes the plant's stem – it wants to reach up toward the sunlight!

  • When the stem comes up, it also brings little leaves with it. Leaves are like the plant's solar panels for catching the sun’s rays

All About Oak Trees

One of the seeds we learned about is acorns – these perfectly formed little seeds are what turn into majestic oak trees. Oak trees are one of the most important kinds of trees we have here in the UK, so let’s learn a little more about how they grow and why they’re so special:

Oak trees
  • When oak trees get older, they make more and more acorns. Animals like squirrels munch on these acorns, and sometimes they forget where they buried them!

  • When those forgotten acorns start growing, new baby oak trees appear! It's like the forest's way of playing a secret game of hide-and-seek

  • Oak trees can grow very big and strong, the largest oak trees have been around for many hundreds of years!

  • Animals, like squirrels and birds, love to live in oak trees. In fact, oak trees are called a ‘keystone’ species, which means entire ecosystems depend on them!

  • Throughout their lives, oak trees grow taller and taller, like towers reaching for the clouds. They grow strong branches that spread out like a giant umbrella, giving shade to all the creatures below

  • And the cycle starts all over again!

Grow your own trees

If you’d like to learn more about gathering seeds and even growing your very own trees, the lovely people at The Tree Council have put together this brilliant Young Tree Growers Guide. Happy growing!