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Carpinus betulus



Spring catkins and yellow autumn foliage

One of our favourite native trees and completely lovely when the freshly minted pale green leaves first appear each spring. They are also one of the best trees to attract wildlife to the garden.


Long lived hornbeam is often grown as a hedge, enjoying a sunny or lightly shaded spot, and is wonderful for creating shelter and structure in the garden. The leaves turn golden-brown in the autumn and hang well into winter.


A versatile woodland tree that prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soil.

The English name hornbeam refers to the hardness and durability of the wood.

Plant details

In depth plant information

Property Value
Plant type Ornamental tree, Hedging
Flower colour
Foliage colour
Typically available April - September
Season of interest Spring
Flowering March - May
Evergreen No
Plant height 1200 cm - 1500 cm
Plant width 800 cm - 850 cm
Fragrant flowers No
Attracts bees No
Attracts butterflies No
Plant height in 5 years 190 cm
Hardiness zone (?) H6

Will perform best in these conditions

Property Value
Soil type Clay, Chalk, Loam, Sand
Light exposure Full sun, Part shade
Soil drainage Well drained, Medium
Planting instructions

Water the plant in its pot thoroughly before planting – give it a good soaking. Prepare the area by digging a hole twice the size of the pot. Dig compost into the base of the hole. Remove the pot and position the plant in the hole, with the top of the rootball about level with the surrounding soil. Refill the planting hole with a mixture of garden soil and compost, firming as you go. Water in well and keep well watered during the plant's first year.

Planting site Flower border and beds

Typically available

From April to September