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Convallaria majalis


Lilly of the Valley

A decorative ground cover

Highly scented, white bell-shaped flowers set against the fresh green leaves create a delightfully fragrant carpet in late spring. Once established this cottage garden favourite quickly spreads to form an excellent groundcover.


A lovely plant for a shady spot. Perfect for containers, a mixed border or woodland edge where it can spread to fill a large space.


Prefers a rich, moist soil in a shady spot but is tolerant of poor soils and dry shade. Use a good quality general purpose compost for container growing and raise the pot on 'pot feet' through the winter months to help with drainage.

Lily-of-the-valley is native to Europe and has spread across parts of Asia and North America.

Plant details

In depth plant information

Property Value
Plant type Perennial herbaceous
Flower colour
Foliage colour
Typically available April - September
Season of interest Spring
Flowering March - May
Evergreen No
Plant height 10 cm - 50 cm
Plant width 10 cm - 50 cm
Fragrant flowers Yes
Hazardous Caution toxic if eaten
Attracts bees No
Attracts butterflies No
Plant height in 5 years 30 cm
Hardiness zone (?) H7

Will perform best in these conditions

Property Value
Soil type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Light exposure Full sun, Part shade
Soil drainage Well drained
Planting instructions

Water the plant in its pot thoroughly before planting – give it a good soaking. Prepare the area by digging a hole twice the size of the pot. Dig compost into the base of the hole. Remove the pot and position the plant in the hole, with the top of the rootball about level with the surrounding soil. Refill the planting hole with a mixture of garden soil and compost, firming as you go. Water in well and keep well watered during the plant's first year.

Planting site Cottage garden, Informal garden

Typically available

From April to September