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Araucaria araucana

Monkey Puzzle Tree

Unique structure

This curious tree, a native of Chile and western Argentina, where it is written into cultural folklore. The bright green, pointed leaves are tightly wrapped around the branches and darken with age. Young trees have a conical shape developing into a distinctive umbrella as they get older.


This unique tree needs plenty of space to grow and look its best, so find it a sunny open spot. It makes a great focal point.


It is a very hardy tree and happy in any well-drained soil.

It is the national tree of Chile. Mature trees produce cones full of edible seeds, similar to pine nuts.

Plant details

In depth plant information

Property Value
Plant type Conifer
Foliage colour
Typically available January - December
Season of interest Summer, Autumn
Evergreen Yes
Plant height 1200 cm - 1500 cm
Plant width 800 cm - 850 cm
Fragrant flowers No
Attracts bees No
Attracts butterflies No
Plant height in 5 years 140 cm
Hardiness zone (?) H4

Will perform best in these conditions

Property Value
Soil type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Light exposure Full sun
Soil drainage Medium
Planting instructions

Water the plant in its pot thoroughly before planting – give it a good soaking. Prepare the area by digging a hole twice the size of the pot. Dig compost into the base of the hole. Remove the pot and position the plant in the hole, with the top of the rootball about level with the surrounding soil. Refill the planting hole with a mixture of garden soil and compost, firming as you go. Water in well and keep well watered during the plant's first year.

Planting site Wildlife garden, Cottage garden, Informal garden

Typically available

From January to December